Natural Language Processing

Book Review – Automatic Text Simplification

Written by on January 2, 2020 in Book Review, Natural Language Processing with 0 Comments
Book Review – Automatic Text Simplification

Title: Automatic Text Simplification Author: Horacio Saggino Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers Year: 2017 Automatic Text Simplification is an active area of research in NLP and has been going on for over 20 years. The idea is to transform a given text T1 into text T2 such that T2 is easier to read and understand […]

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Using Definite Clause Grammars (DCG) for Information Extraction

Written by on December 8, 2019 in Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Using Definite Clause Grammars (DCG) for Information Extraction

In the previous article, I showed how we can use ATNs for extracting key information from natural language text. I also pointed out in that article that Definite Clause Grammars (DCG) are a more compact formalism for doing this. That will be the focus of today’s article. For a nice introduction to DCG, read this. […]

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Using Augmented Transition Networks (ATN) for Information Extraction

Written by on November 23, 2019 in LISP, Natural Language Processing, Programming with 0 Comments
Using Augmented Transition Networks (ATN) for Information Extraction

After Wood’s paper [1], Augmented Transition Networks (ATN) became popular in the 1970s, for parsing text. An ATN is a generalized transition network with two major enhancements: Support for recursive transitions, including jumping to other ATNs Performing arbitrary actions when edges are traversed Remembering state through the use of registers See the “Further Reading” section at […]

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Conjugating Phrasal Verbs

Written by on October 13, 2019 in Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Conjugating Phrasal Verbs

In the last article, I showed how to generate verb conjugations in the “iLexicon” system. Today, let us see how this idea can be extended to English “phrasal verbs”. According to Wikipedia: “a phrasal verb is a phrase such as turn down or ran into which combines two or three words from different grammatical categories: […]

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Generating Verb Conjugations

Written by on September 29, 2019 in Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Generating Verb Conjugations

We have been taught in school that English language has different “tense” forms. To help you quickly recollect, I am listing them in the table below (the verb ‘sleep’ is used as example): No. Tense Form Example Sentence (3rd Person Singular Pronoun) 1 Simple Present She sleeps 2 Simple Past She slept 3 Simple Future […]

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Exploring Word Patterns

Written by on September 15, 2019 in Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Exploring Word Patterns

Working with word patterns can be an exciting (and challenging) creative activity. Such patterns come into picture while playing word games, solving word puzzles or even writing poetry. It is precisely to facilitate such tasks that I am building my “iLexicon” system.  One popular word game goes like this: The first player utters a word, […]

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Poetry in Prolog: Part-2

Written by on September 1, 2019 in Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Poetry in Prolog: Part-2

In an earlier post, I showed how Prolog can be used to generate poetry, making use of my “iLexicon”. I want to continue the discussion today by giving another example, this time based on the theme of sounds emitted by various animals and birds. As hinted in my previous articles, “iLexicon” stands for “Intelligent Lexicon”. […]

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Generating Poetry in Prolog

Written by on August 4, 2019 in Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Generating Poetry in Prolog

In an earlier article, I showed how we can generate poetry (with limitations, of course!) using my iLangGen framework. That implementation (in Lisp) made use of iLexicon, a large dictionary of English words, which I have been building over the years. I subsequently ported iLexicon to Prolog and it now works well in SICStus Prolog. […]

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Custom Text Analysis Using TextRazor’s Prolog Engine

Written by on July 21, 2019 in LISP, Natural Language Processing, Programming, Prolog with 0 Comments
Custom Text Analysis Using TextRazor’s Prolog Engine

This is the third part in the series on information extraction from unstructured text. In the first part, we saw how MeaningCloud allows us to specify complex rules to identify custom categories through their Deep Categorization API. The second part covered spaCy’s pattern matcher. Today, I would like to discuss how we can use TextRazor’s “Prolog Engine” to perform […]

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Information Extraction Using spaCy’s Pattern Matcher

Written by on July 11, 2019 in Homeopathy, Natural Language Processing, Programming, Python with 0 Comments
Information Extraction Using spaCy’s Pattern Matcher

In the previous article, I explored the Deep Categorization capabilities of MeaningCloud. We saw how a powerful rule-based pattern matching language allowed us to map fragments of unstructured text to custom categories. In today’s post, I want to go through spaCy’s pattern matching capabilities. The version I am using is 2.0.13. Some newer features are available […]

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