Question Answering in Mathematica

Written by on March 25, 2018 in Mathematica, Natural Language Processing, Programming with 0 Comments

About 10 days ago, I received an update for Mathematica. The latest version is 11.3.0. As usual, I looked through the list of new features in this release. There are several new features, but one of them attracted my attention immediately: There is a new function FindTextualAnswer that, given a piece of text and a question, can identify the part of the text that answers the question.

I explored this function briefly and would like to share my findings in this post. First, I must point out that the documentation says this function is Experimental, implying that there could be changes in future releases.

Let us start with a simple example:

Example 1

Example 1

The function takes at least 2 arguments. The first is a piece of text and the second is a question (we can include multiple questions as a list) based on the text. The function returns a text fragment from the first argument, which supposedly answers the question.

In the above example, When asked the question “Who is Vicky?”, the function correctly says “my pet dog”. Nice.

Note that there is no paraphrasing involved here; the answer is taken directly from the given text. Even that is a non-trivial task.

Let us try two more examples:

Some More Examples

Some More Examples

Again, fairly interesting. The function seems capable of providing direct answers to questions based on the text.

We can ask for possible multiple answers along with their probability.

Answers with Probability

Answers with Probability

In this example, I asked for two possible answers. The result contains each answer along with the respective probability.

Let us see if the function can handle tricky questions.

A Tricky Example

A Tricky Example

Gotcha! Since there is no mention of Mary anywhere in the text, I was expecting something like Don’t know, but the function’s response really stumped me! How did it map Mary to Vicky?

Let us try one more:

Another Tricky Question

Another Tricky Question

This is even more weird. There is no mention of John, or anyone being happy in the given text, but the function seems to make incorrect inferences.

The documentation says that the function uses statistical methods to find answers. There is also a mention somewhere that it can understand semantics concepts to an extent, but that it cannot apply logic.

Well, I think this is a good beginning, but there is significant scope for improving the functionality.

Hope future releases take care of that.

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